Syphilis – sexually transmitted disease and prevention of it.
Syphilis – sexually transmitted disease, which if you don’t treat it, it can cause very serious damage to the nervous system, brain or heart which as the bottom can lead to death. This disease is caused by the bacterium Treponema palidium. Is commonly transmitted during anal, oral or vaginal sex. This bacterium passes from person to person through direct contact with an open wound that appears in the first stage of the disease or by a rash which appears in the second phase of the disease. Very rarely can enter the body through scratches, sores or kissing skins unless a person has sores on the lips or mouth.
Another way to transfer it is by using a syringe and needle that are previously contaminate with the bacteria. It is also transmitting by blood transfusion. Pregnant women can pass through the placenta to the baby at any time during pregnancy and childbirth. Another ways of transmitting this disease are: by sitting on the toilet shell, in swimming pools, spas, through the cutlery and the exchange and use of the cloakroom with an infected person.
The person who suffers from this disease can still be infected if not detected and healed in time. can keep the body up to two years. Using the male and female condom can only reduce the risk of infection. Contraceptives do not provide any protection from such transmitted infections.
Syphilis has three stages:
- The first phase and incubation lasts about three weeks after that occurs early and lesions appearing and swelling of lymph nodes and groin. Manifested by insomnia, pain in muscles and joints.
- The second stage may last about 3 years and the disease is visible on skin and mucous membranes. Manifest as rash, circular spots, fever, trouble swallowing and nail changes.
- The third phase is the one that is rare when patients are not treating promptly in earlier stages. It can manifest the appearance of lesions on the skin and mucous membranes which are painless. In severe case comes to progressive paralysis and even death.
Patients with syphilis infection are following the treatment with penicillin or fat based penicillin. In case of patients who are allergic to penicillin or tetracycline use erythromycin. After a few days of treatment the patient is no longer contagious.